Turkey vs. The European Union
Gabriel M. Sawma, Esq.
The Treaty of Amsterdam amended
the Treaty on European Union. It was signed in Amsterdam by the head of
states on October 2, 1997
Article 9(1) of the Treaty of
Amsterdam reads as follows:
“ Citizenship of the Union is
hereby established. Every person holding the nationality of a Member State
shall be a citizen of the Union. Citizenship of the Union shall compliment
and not replace national citizenship”.
In other words, citizenship of the
Union is dependent on holding the nationality of one of the Member States.
Anyone who is a national of a Member States is considered to be a citizen
of the Union. In addition to the rights and duties laid down in the Treaty
establishing the European Community, Union citizenship confers special
- Freedom to move and take up
residence anywhere in the Union.
- The right to vote and stand in
local government and European Parliament elections in the country of
Without going in details about the privileges and rights of citizenship in
the European Union, I would like to magnify the dangers that could arise
if Turkey becomes a member of the European Union.
April 14, 1987, The Turkish government sent a formal application for
membership in the European Union. According to United Nations World
Population prospects, Turkey’s population is estimated to be more than
73,302,000 by 2005. (in 1996, it was estimated to be 62,000,000 according
to Turkish published reports).
total population of the European Union is estimated at 456,790,700. While
the world population has doubled in the last forty years to six billion,
the population of Europe has been going south. Of Europe’s forty seven
nations, only one, Muslim Albania, was by 2000 going up, at a birthrate
sufficient to keep it alive indefinitely. In his book “The Death of the
West”, Pat Buchanan says:
1960, people of European ancestry were one-fourth of the world’s
population; in 2000, they were on-sixth; in 2050, they will be one-tenth.
These are the statistics of a vanishing race…”
bleak the situation is? The average fertility rate of a European woman
stands at 1.4 children. By 2050, Buchanan says: “Europe will have lost the
equivalent of the entire population of Belgium, Holland, Denmark, Sweden,
Norway and Germany..”
does Europe solve this problem of shrinking population? By mass
immigration, which has already begun. In 2000, “England took in 185,000
immigrants”, a record, reports News Magazine, June 5, 2000. “In 1999,
500,000 illegal aliens slipped into the European Union,” said Pat
Buchanan, a tenfold increase from 1993. In May 2001, the Washington Post
a year ago, discoveries of foundering ships jammed with human cargo of 500
to 1000 people would have been a novelty that generated headlines and
outrage across Europe. But now they have become routine in the waters
between Turkey and destinations in Greece, Italy, and as far as the French
Millions of people have been migrating into Europe in the last quarter of
the twentieth century, coming mainly from Islamic countries. They brought
with them Their Arab and Islamic culture, traditions, loyalties and faith.
They created “replicas of their homelands in the heartland of the West”.
They never melt in the pot of Europe, never adapted to the European
culture, unwilling to open up to the European people by engaging in a
gratitude mode of behavior, disrespectful to national laws and to
Christian institutions which helped and nurtured them and welcomed them as
human beings and protected their civil and human rights which were denied
to them in their former homelands. Europe allowed them to practice their
religion free of any discrimination and helped them build their mosques.
All these were afforded to them regardless to the bad treatments that
Christian are facing in countries such as Saudi Arabia and Egypt and other
states in the middle East and Africa where Christians are not allowed to
build churches (Saudi Arabia), or do repairs to their churches when
repairs are needed (Egypt and Turkey).
massive tide of Islamic immigration crash into Europe, European leaders
seem to realize the dangers of this flood of people coming from Islamic
nations from the Middle East and Africa. Among those are the German
Christian Democratic Party leaders Angela Merkel and Edmund Stoiber. Ms
Merkel is irritated at U.S. demands that Turkey be a member of the EU. A
membership of Turkey would confer on Turks the right to be citizens of the
European Union, with all the rights and privileges that any citizen of the
EU would have.
Merkel told the New York Times correspondent, Roger Cohen:
don’t say they should not be Muslims. But we do say that we are a country
with a Christian background, and Turks must understand this…Inviting
Turkey to become a candidate for the European Union membership was a
mistake. There are differences of values. We do not have the same
understanding of human rights. Try opening a Christian Church in
Alton of Liverpool U.K. referred to his fact finding mission to the area
of Tur Abdin in south east Turkey. He pointed out that the “Kurdish
conflict in the south east had decimated the Christian community there,
which is made up mainly of Syrian Orthodox and Chaldean Catholics whose
presence in the area stretches back at least 1600 years”. Lord Alton’s
statement which is published on the internet says that “80 years ago there
were around 200,000 Christians living in Tur Abdin, but today there are
only an estimated 2000 ..”. Many Christian villages have been destroyed
and emptied of people. Numerous Christians have been beaten, injured or
even killed at the hands of both sides. Between 1987 and 1997 there were
nearly 40 unsolved murders involving Christians in south-east Turkey.
Speaking on behalf of the Government, Baroness Scotland of Asthal said
that “many issues had been identified which Turkey will need to address in
order to become eligible for European Union accession”. She said in the
British government regularly raised human rights concerns with the Turkish
authorities, including treatment of religious minorities and their
approach is one of constructive engagement at both bilateral and EU
Wilfred Wong, Jubilee Campaign’ Parliamentary Officer, says, “for many
years Tur Abdin’s ancient Christian community has been caught between
Kurdish rebels and the Turkish military, both sides accusing the
Christians of collaborating with the other when all they wish is to be
neutral and live in peace. At least 37 Christians have been murdered in
south east Turkey and their killers have never been caught. We suspect
that this may be the work of Islamic extremists. Turkish Protestant
Christians have also faced increasing harassment from the police in the
last year and it appears to be an attempt to stifle the growth of this
little church which is comprised mainly of believers from Muslim
Allowing Turkey to become a member in the European Union, will add 16 to
18% Turkish citizens to the Union. In addition to the millions of other
Moslems who currently live in Europe.
September, 18, 2004